This is it. The complete overview of localizing a regular MVC based web application.
Here’s what we covered in this series, shown in context. The image contains links to the respective posts:
Quite some content for a rather common demand…
….and still, there’s some ground I did not cover:
This is the one thing regarding localization I avoided. The reason is simple: I don‘t know enough about this topic.
Not much to say. WebAPI controllers participate in the scheme we have set up, so the controller is aware what culture the user prefers. The data serialization itself ignores the culture, thus data exchange at the raw level (JSON) is not even affected.
Client side localization.
Apart from a few hints regarding client side validation (which is specifically supported by MVC via unobtrusive validation), everything I presented basically happened on the server.
So, if you build your application using Knockout, Angular, Sencha, or other frameworks – which generate large chunks of the UI employing databinding strategies – you will need to localize on the client as well. The server may still provide the necessary backing in terms of logic and translations e.g. as JSON service.
Taking „client side“ one step further and building container applications based on PhoneGrap/Cordova, you will have to provide everything on the client; you just cannot afford to not render the UI just because the device has no connection right now. Thus you’ll need to address localization completely on the client, functionality as well as information; no server backing in this case, sorry.
For an application used internationally, it may not be sufficient to just localize the UI. You may have to localize your actual data. Formats, content, even business rules.
This may include providing downloadable content in different languages. (That exposé just became a collection, rather than a single file.) Take the different naming schemes into account. International addresses? Have fun. Types of business entities. Currencies, calendars, other units of measurement. (Thank god, we‘re talking about business applications; historians have to deal with the really funny stuff… . (Some people actually think IBAN and BIC are simple… .)
Well, I’m going to leave these topics for someone else. And with that, I conclude this little series. You can find the sources of the sample I built for this series on github (VS2013 project, NuGet packages have to be restored using “Enable NuGet Package Restore”, IIS Express is expected).
That’s all for now folks,